About 2,000 so-called Regulators had gathered, hoping to gain concessions from the governor by intimidating him with a show of superior force. You have no military training! pvt. Unfortunately for them, the Regulators had no ammunition and it could not be used. Some of the Regulators remained behind to continue firing upon the milita. Alamance. [2] However, modern historians reject this, since there does not seem to have been any intent to rebel against the king or crown, merely to protest taxation and corrupt local government. On May 16, the Regulators relayed to Governor Tryon that they wanted to discuss their differences with government officials. The visitor's center offers exhibits, artifacts, and a presentation on the battle. 206-232) The reader will observe that Governor Tryon had a well-officered army with which to attack the Regulators, who were not organized for warfare and had no military organization, no officers, cavalry, nor artillery. Tryon reported nine dead and 61 wounded among the militia. Losses for both sides are disputed. Battle of Alamance The War of the Regulation which culminated in the Battle of Alamance is one of the most controversial events in the history of North Carolina. a direct line); a different marker also named Battle of Alamance (about 300 feet away); The Battle of the Alamance (about 300 feet away); The Regulators' Field (about 300 feet away). Lutie Andrews McCorkle, "The North Carolina Booklet", Vol III, No. The Battle of Alamance Chapter was founded March 17, 1928, in the city of Burlington, North Carolina. City. Type. The flag bearer was himself fired upon by the Regulators, who called out, "Fire and be damned". Located on the grounds is the Allen House, a log dwelling characteristic of those lived in by frontier people on the western fringes of the colony. Opposing forces were Colonial Militia, mainly from the eastern part of the province, commanded by Governor William Tryon, and a band of frontier dwellers known as Regulators, who had risen in arms against corrupt practices in local government. In two weeks, 6,409 complied. Events are held annually to commemorate the Battle of Alamance (May 16, 1771) and offer unique glimpses at colonial life. Today the site contains exhibits, period cannon, and colored flags representing troop positions. © 2016 John Locke Foundation | 200 West Morgan St., Raleigh, NC 27601, Voice: (919) 828-3876, //$i = get_field('photogallery2',get_the_ID()); Many probably had predicted the day when public disagreements and political protests and riots would one day escalate into an armed conflict. GENTLEMEN AND REGULATORS: Those of you who are not too far committed should desist and quietly return to your homes, those of you who have laid yourselves liable should submit without resistance. They were having German Heritage Day with authentic German food for visitors. By the 1770s, the backcountry of North Carolina boasted several communities of Germans who had settled here after migrating from their original settlements … This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Battle of Alamance Written by North Carolina History Project On a field in Piedmont North Carolina, Regulators clashed with North Carolina militia on May 16, 1771. The Battle of Alamance is the central theme in The Fiery Cross and was, arguably, one of the most important battles of Colonial North Carolina that created tensions that helped spark the American War for Independence. Tryon sent one of his aide-de-camps, Captain Philmore Hawkins, and the Sheriff of Orange County with a proclamation: To Those Who Style Themselves "Regulators": In reply to your petition of yesterday, I am to acquaint you that I have ever been attentive to the interests of your County and to every individual residing therein. On a field in Piedmont North Carolina, Regulators clashed with North Carolina militia on May 16, 1771. Fitch, 1905 (pp. Their reply: “Fire and be damned.”  No doubt believing the other side to be condemned to eternal fire, Tryon and the militia answered with cannon fire. On May 17, Tryon promised to issue amnesty to all those who took an oath of allegiance. alamance, guilford county, nc.) As to be expected, the militia was more organized in its attack and maneuvers, and Tryon defeated the Regulators. In personal correspondence, Samuel Johnston wrote to Thomas Barker: “We hear that since the engagement they have laid down their Arms and engaged to submit to Government.”  Yet a distrust of far away, centralized power remained. By midday the hour had expired, Tryon sent one final warning: Some of the Regulators petitioned the governor to give up seven captured Regulators in exchange for two of his men the Regulators had captured the preious day. Sometimes when a Regulator would run out of ammunition, he left the field of battle. Alamance Battleground is the site where Royal Governor William Tryon led the NC militia against the Regulators in battle on May 16, 1771. Thompson was detained by Tryon as a prisoner. Lieutenant-Generals: John Rutherford, Lewis Henry DeRosset, John Sampson, Robert Palmer, Benjamin Heron, and Samuel Strudwick. County. The casualty count for the Regulators is unknown, but nine militia men died and sixty-one were wounded. Alamance, North Carolina The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, in which North Carolina farmers and backcountry residents rebelled … (Of the 1,452 militia men, 1,068 were from eastern counties.). The next morning, at about 8:00, Tryon's troops set out to a field about one-half mile from the camp of the Regulators. In the spring of 1771, Governor William Tryon left New Bern, mustering and marching approximately 1,000 militia troops west to address a rebellion that had been brewing in western counties for several years, but which had included only minor, scattered acts of violence, followed by refusal to pay fees, disruption of court proceedings, and continued harassment of government officials. The Governor will grant you nothing. Here was fought (I) on May 16, 1771, the Battle of Alamance. The Battle of Alamance lasted for two hours. There are cannons exploding and there are times that it looks like the Regulators are organized enough to win. Obelisk. As the militia marched westward, approximately 2,000 Regulators assembled and converged and met the militiamen camping beside Great Alamance Creek. Many probably had predicted the day when public disagreements and political protests and riots would one day escalate into an armed conflict. It pitted two groups of North Carolinians against each other. Whether they knew it or not, the composition within the ranks of the militia and the Regulators reveals that the Regulator Rebellion was, at least in great part, a regional conflict. The royal governor gave the Regulators one hour to surrender. Lindley S. Butler and Alan D. Watson, The North Carolina Experience: An Interpretive and Documentary History (Chapel Hill, 1984); Milton Ready, The Tar Heel State (Columbia, 2005); William S. Powell, North Carolina Through Four Centuries (Chapel Hill, 1989). You will be defeated! Our chapter meets monthly on … Long Description: Here was fought on May 16, 1771, the Battle of Alamance. [3][4] Named for nearby Great Alamance Creek, the battle took place in what was then Orange County and has since become Alamance County in the central Piedmont about six miles south of present-day Burlington, North Carolina. Delays prevented the 300 reinforcements under Captain Benjamin Merrill from arriving in time. The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control. However, the British Army get the upper hand and take down the rebellion. Battle lines are formed at Alamance on May 16, 1771 A stalemate occurs between the Regulators and the government and the stage is set for a major confrontation. To require you who are now assembled as Regulators, to quietly lay down your arms, to surrender up your leaders, to the laws of your country and rest on the leniency of the Government. In the book, Tryon orders Jamie to use his militia to track down the Regulators, putting Jamie in an awkward position: Many regulators are fellow Highlanders. During the American Revolution a decade later, the same section of Orange County (subdivided into Alamance County in 1849) saw several minor skirmishes, including the infamous Pyle's Hacking Match in 1781. The battle of Lindley's Mill was fought a few hundred yards across the road from Lindley's Mill and was on the land of Thomas Lindley. The visitor's center offers exhibits, artifacts, and a presentation on the battle. Colonial Wars. Outraged at the disregard of a second white flag, the governor rallied his troops against the insurgents, whose ammunition was running out. He formed two lines, and divided his artillery between the wings and the center of the first line. Tryon ordered the woods to be set on fire.[8]. You have no cannon! Posted on December 8, 2019 Updated on February 9, 2020. Nearby are two monuments. According to Governor Tryon's journal, the following men served under his command: The following individuals were numbered as members of the Regulators: The following were excepted from pardon by Governor Tryon: Six men were found guilty of treason, but were pardoned at Tryon's behest: Six men were found guilty of treason and were sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, although in practice, they were only hanged: Visitors to Alamance Battleground State Historic Site may view the field of battle, memorialized in 1880 with a granite monument and a second monument in 1903. Caldwell made it to the field between the two lines, but was warned by the Regulators who sensed the governor was about to open fire. The chapter currently has more than eighty members with multiple prospective members going through the membership process. The War of the Regulation is often viewed as a pre-cursor to the American Revolution because it pitted regular settlers against corrupt colonial officials. The Battle of Alamance takes place. Subjects. But Jamie has it way worse in the TV show, because Murtagh is a Regulator. Tryon took 13 prisoners. You have no ammunition. According to historian Milton Ready, “Backcountry freeholders had become Jeffersonian long before Jefferson in their belief that a government that exercises the least control over its people governs best.”. As time would tell, the Battle of Alamance and the swift execution of certain Regulators ended the Regulator movement in Piedmont North Carolina. Other historians indicate much greater numbers, between 15 and 27 killed. Other Regulators delayed Hugh Waddell in Mecklenburg County and prevented him from joining the militia in what is now Alamance County. Opposing forces were colonial militia, mainly from the eastern part of the province, commanded by Governor William Tryon, and a band of frontier dwellers known as Regulators, who had risen in arms against corrupt practices in … There were approximately 2,000 backcountry farmers called Regulators and around 1,000 militia troops (citizen soldiers) under the command of Royal Governor William Tryon involved in the two-hour battle. I and others promise to obtain for you the best possible terms. They employed what was referred to as "Indian style" fighting, hiding behind trees and avoiding structure and lines. The Regulators remained disorganized, with no leadership – no officer ranked higher than Captain – and no anticipation of an attack, expecting that their superior numbers would frighten Tryon's militia. The governor pardoned others and allowed them to stay on condition they pledge an oath of allegiance to the royal government. The Regulators fired weapons behind trees and large rocks, and their effort lacked organization. Scheduled groups can request special demonstrations performed by costumed interpreters. The Regulators call for redress of their issues with the Governor. Alamance County: aka Cane Creek, aka Mendenhall's Mill. Back in May, I did a post on the Battle of Alamance so, I won’t revisit the historical details. Visitors may also tour the onsite Allen House, a restored frontier farmstead of the period. In March 1771 judges of the superior court at Hillsborough … Upload, livestream, and create your own videos, all in HD. Tryon agreed, but after a half an hour, the captured officers did not appear. The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control. Shortly after the battle, fourteen Regulators were tried and twelve were convicted. You have no commanding officers to lead you in battle. Burlington. Visitors may also tour the onsite Allen House, a restored frontier farmstead of the period. I lament the fatal necessity to which you have now reduced me by withdrawing yourselves from the mercy of the crown and from the laws of your country. You are unprepared for war! benjamin "caudle" caudill was born abt. One group of historians sees in the Regulators a devoted band of patriots who at Alamance fired the opening gun of … [8], The battle took place in what was then Orange County. [9] Both sides count nine dead among the Regulators and dozens to over one hundred wounded. In 1771, an armed group of backcountry farmers calling themselves Regulators battled with royal governor William Tryon's militia on land now preserved at Alamance Battleground State Historic Site. ?>, Sign up for updates from the North Carolina History Project. Admission is free, though donations are accepted and welcomed In the past, historians considered the battle to be the opening salvo of the American Revolution[1] and locals agreed with this assessment. The immediate aftermath included ad hoc trials of certain Regulators. Other DNCR sites with Outlander ties: [8], A man considered one of the principal military leaders of the Regulators, Captain Montgomery, was killed by a shell at about the same time a bullet hit Tryon's hat. the battle of alamance (16 may 1771, the first battle of the american revolution. Recent archaeological studies at the site have shown that the area now known as Alamance Battleground was also the site of another skirmish in the Revolutionary War and of a Civil War era Confederate encampment.[10]. In January 1771, responding to Regulator violence, the Assembly passed Johnston's Riot Act, which, among other stipulations, empowered royal governor William Tryon to call out the militia to maintain order and enforce the law. Some historians in the the late nineteenth-early twentieth centuries considered the battle to be the opening salvo of the American Revolution, and locals agreed with this assessment. Herman Husband, a Quaker, realizing violence was about to take place, left the area. The Battle of Alamance was fought on Thursday, May 16, 1771. Predicting that disgruntled Regulators would protest this action, Tryon sent out militia to the courthouse to quell any rebellious activity or interference with court sessions. The Battle of Alamance was fought in May 1771 as part of the War of the Regulation between the forces of Royal Governor William Tryon and a band of settlers from western North Carolina who were dissatisfied with the leadership provided by the royal governors. Tryon, in a moment of anger, took a musket from a militiaman and shot Mr. Thompson dead. This allowed two of the Regulators, brothers named McPherson, to capture one of Tryon's three cannons. [7] Shortly thereafter, a large crowd of Regulators appeared in front of the militia, waving their hats and daring the militia to open fire. Battle of Alamance Monument, Alamance Battlefield. Many Regulators traveled on to frontier areas beyond North Carolina. Join us at Alamance Battleground to learn about the traditions, foodways, and culture of North Carolina’s German communities as we celebrate the holidays with our special guided tours, “German Christmas in Colonial Carolina.”. Of that number, only six were hanged; government officials released half a dozen in a public relations strategy in which they hoped North Carolinians would consider them generous and forgiving. For a couple decades, tensions had been mounting; Piedmont farmers believed that they were being overtaxed and had been paying excessive fees to local sheriffs and the colonial government. By accepting these terms within one hour from the delivery of this dispatch, you will prevent an effusion of blood, as you are at this time in a state of REBELLION against your King, your country, and your laws. The uprising culminated in a battle three miles south of the town of Alamance in present-day Alamance County. Home » Encyclopedia Entry » Battle of Alamance, Written by North Carolina History Project. This memorial, also known as "First Battle of the Revolution", is a small obelisk situated on top of four rectangular bases, the topmost of which is inscribed, sits in the middle of the Alamance battlefield. 12-07-2019. 1730 in brunswick county, va. he died in the war of regulation in the battle of alamance, alamance county, north carolina on 16 may 1771. More about this marker. The governor sent a second white flag, but the aide-de-camp was killed while Regulator Patrick Muller called for his fellow insurgents to cease fire. Battle of Alamance. The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control. In the mid 1700’s the Coastal and Piedmont regions of North Carolina were distinctly different and separate. (Note: Large rectangular marker with map; full text follows.) Alamance Battleground A 3-pounder cannon looks out over the site of the Battle of Alamance, a desperate fight that took place in the North Carolina Piedmont in 1771. //dump($i); Lieutenant-Colonels: John Frohock, Moses Alexander, Majors: William Bullock, Walter Lindsay, Thomas Lloyd, Martin Fifer, and John Hinton, James Hunter – So-called "General of the Regulators", whose 1901 statue is now found at, James Few – executed at camp after the battle, Hermon (or Harmon) Cox – his powder horn is now on display at Alamance Battleground. Piedmont farmers started demanding changes to the law and publicly humiliating, intimidating, and sometimes flogging officials whom they deemed to be corrupt; Judge Richard Henderson and Sheriff Edmund Fanning are two examples. Yesterday, I visited the actual battleground with my buddy, Ray. Many of the Regulators fled the field. After the Johnston Act was passed, Rowan Regulators deemed it “riotous,” writes historian William Powell, and “swore that they would pay no more taxes.”  Similar sentiment spread throughout the backcountry, so in 1771 Governor Tryon flexed his executive muscle and ordered a special court in Hillsborough. Some of these involve hands-on opportunities. Growing anger over expensive land, embezzlement of tax money, and collusion between creditors and public officials led small farmers in piedmont North Carolina to form associations, write petitions, and … Today the site contains exhibits, period cannon, and colored flags representing troop positions. 7, p. 29, 1903, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military history of the Thirteen Colonies, Alamance Battleground State Historic Site, "Colonial Williamsburg's latest buy: Money", "Some Neglected History of North Carolina", "Search of Alamance Battleground yields archaeological jackpot", "An authentick relation of the Battle of Alamance", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alamance?oldid=2390199. The War of the Regulation and The Battle of Alamance, May 16, 1771 by William S. Powell (Raleigh Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1975) In the Battle of Alamance in May 1771, the well trained and equipped militia turned back the Regulators, but the battle was a preamble to the Revolutionary War only five years later. Monument Name. public disagreements and political protests and riots. On the evening of May 15, Tryon received word that the Regulators were camped about six miles away. The marker sits on the battlefield. Funded by council member and wealthy merchant Samuel Cornell for £6,000,[5] on May 11, Tryon left the county seat of Hillsborough with his militia to confront the Regulators, who had made camp south of Great Alamance Creek in western Orange County (present-day Alamance County).[6]. Some historians in the late nineteenth-early twentieth centuries considered the battle to be the opening salvo of the American Revolution, and locals agreed with this assessment. The Battle of Alamance From Neglected History of North Carolina by W.E. The Regulators lacked the leadership, organization, and ammunition that Tryon had, but the early course of the battle went well for them. Shutterbug Sunday: Alamance Battleground. Tryon scoffed at the suggestion and returned a message stating that a prerequisite for such an audience necessitated that the Regulators disarm. The next day, James Few was hanged without being convicted in a military court. Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alamance. Realizing what he had done, he sent a flag bearer named Donald Malcolm with a white flag in hopes of calming things quickly. Description. The Battle of Alamance figured into Gabaldon's The Fiery Cross. One of them, James Few, was executed at the camp, and six were executed later in nearby Hillsborough. The Regulators take up arms and meet in that field at Alamance. Hours of Operation Tuesday - Saturday 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Closed Sundays, and Mondays. 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