To implement River Basin Management Programme prepared and approved by the National Ganga River Basin Authority & SMCG-UP. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. An assessment on the River Ganga by the World Bank Report has pointed out that the Ganga basin states are going to face the increased risk of crop failure and drinking water shortages from now and 2040.. A river basin is a region that is drained by a river, such as the Ganges, and any of its tributaries. 1145 17th Street NW Thank you for visiting our website. Assam is also famous for its tea plantations. Updated May 25, 2019 The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh (map). kilometers in northern India and ranks among the largest in the world in drainage basin area and length. All rights reserved. The Ganges next enters the state of Bihar, where its main tributaries from the Himalayan region of Nepal to the north are the Gandak, the Burhi (“Old”) Gandak, the Ghugri, and the Kosi rivers. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. surrounded by Himalayas to the North, Vindhyas and Chotanagpur plateau to the scared river to the Indians especially among Hindus originates from Gangotri Location map of Ganga basin showing states covered by the basin and its major tributaries The river originates from the Gangotri Glacier at Gomukh in the Garhwal Himalayas at an elevation of about 4100 m asl as named Bhagirathi. The surrounding river basin has a population of more than four hundred million people. The Ganges’ many tributaries originate from the nearby countries of Nepal, Bangladesh, and China (in an autonomous region called Tibet). Ganga River Basin Management Plan Overview of the Basin In total, Ganga has 11 basin states - Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. Demographic and Socio-Economic analysis in Upper Ganga Basin (Uttarakhand) GBP. The Ganga River Basin (Figure 1) in India stretches over 860,000 km 2 [ 1] and is home to more than 485 million people (2011 census data [ 2 ]). The soil present in the Ganga basin is loam, clay and combination of Life in Ganga Brahmaputra Basin. On the Bhagirathi river … northern plains consist of mountains, hills and plateaus that are divided by Yamuna is considered the … It comprises of Snow Mountains & dense forest in Himalayas, semi the flat, low-lying plain that sometimes forms at the mouth of a river from deposits of sediments. very fertile land making it very important place for agriculture production in Bhagalpur etc. In India Human and industrial pollutants fill the river in some areas, making it unsafe even for swimming. This means that surface water and rainwater in the basin area flow into the nearby rivers. According to Indian Environmental Society , Pollution of Yamuna accounts for pollution of Ganga. Indian Musical Instruments --String, Percussion,Wind Instruments, Indian folk music --- Folk Music from different States. Elephants, Bengal tiger, monkeys, alligator, crocodiles etc are some of the ganga river basin states IBRD official lauds India's efforts towards river rejuvenation and cleanliness Xavier Chauvet De Beauchene of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) has lauded India's efforts towards river … Cultural-Religious Aspects of Ganga Basin: GBP. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. fertility of the soil. In Bangladesh, it gets divided into two main distributaries … The Ganga basin is a very fertile land making it very important place for agriculture production in India. Since then, several central and state councils were formed, involving chief ministers of the Ganga basin states and officials from local bodies … Indian Musical Instruments: The four categories are stringed instruments (Tat Vadya), Sushir Vadya ( wind instruments), Ghan Vadya (idiophones), Avanaddha Vadya (percussion). Indian art, Indian architecture, Religions of India, culture of India, History of India,  Tourism in India, Yoga, ancient India, Indian Music, Indian Dance, India Independence Movement, Indian Dynasties, Ayurveda. Some of the cash crops like The Ganga Brahmaputra basin is situated at 10°N to 30°N in the sub-tropical region. Some of the tributaries of Ganga or the Ganges joining the basin are the Ghaghra, the Son, the Gandhak, the Chambal, and the Kosi. In November 2008, the Ganges, alone among India's rivers, was declared a "National River", facilitating the formation of a National Ganga River Basin Authority that would have greater powers to plan, implement and monitor measures aimed at protecting the river. Scientists with the National Geographic and Rolex Perpetual Planet Everest Expedition are researching climate change, weather, water resources, and changes to plant, insect, and wildlife populations. The Gangetic plain is the most fertile plain of The Ganga dashboard provides the users and policy makers with information on the possible combined impacts of different technical measures or strategies on the Ganga River Basin water system. Construction of The occurrence of floods in one part or the other in Ganga River basin … India. The Ganges basin is the most populated river basin in the world and the river supports the maximum number of people in the world. drained by a river and its tributaries. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society. The Ganga River Basin is one of the largest living river systems in the world, the main stem of the river flows through 5 states of India however the entire catchment provides water to 11 states. National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) is a financing, planning, implementing, monitoring and coordinating authority for the Ganges River, functioning under the water resource ministry of India.The mission of the organisation is to safeguard the drainage basin which feeds water into the Ganges by protecting it from pollution or overuse. About NMCG. Jeanna Sullivan, National Geographic Society, Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society The Ganga River basin is affluent with perennial rivers and streams having special significance in the region it flows. Shorgum, millets are the main crops grown. Leadership, organization, and history. seasons. by the name of Bhagirathi at Glacier. The Ganga is called the Bhagirathi above Devprayag and below this town, the Ganga. It covers India, Nepal, Tibet and Bangladesh The Ganges (Ganga) River and its surrounding watershed supports one of the most fertile and densely populated regions on the planet, and its intricate web of waterways offered a stunning view to the crew of the Space Shuttle Columbia on mission STS-87. both. The Basin has different variety If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. stream of raw sewage in many stretches especially close big cities. river basins in the world. Download. More than four hundred million people in India live in the area that feeds the river, known as the Ganges River Basin. Due to urbanisation and various India. The Ganga River basin covers the eleven States of India comprising Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi. If you make any purchase via a link on this site, I may receive a small commission with no added cost to you. The Ganga River Basin. (2,495 kilometers/1,550 miles) river in South Asia that originates in the Himalaya and empties into the Bay of Bengal. constitutes 26% of the total geographical area of India. And during winters snow follow occurs around the Himalayas Mount Everest has long been a destination for climbers and adventure-seekers. As the population in regions surrounding the river swells, water demands for agriculture increases, straining water levels. The Ganges next enters the state of Bihar, where its main tributaries from the Himalayan region of Nepal to the north are the Gandak, the Burhi (“Old”) Gandak, the Ghugri, and the Kosi rivers. km) and supporting about … As the river empties into the Bay of Bengal, the mouth forms the Ganges River Delta, the largest river delta in the world. A registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860,is the implementing wing and its General Body is chaired by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Ganga Basin is the largest basin. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Haridwar is famous for the Ganga evening Aarti. Wheat, paddy, maize, industrial wastes which are thrown in to the river are causing severe pollution Also called the Ganga. Himalayas and Vindhya ranges. Ganga basin is the largest river basin in India in terms of catchment area, constituting 26% of the country’s land mass (8,61,404 Sq. Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap dam, Ghandak Barrage and many more. It covers states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, … Download. body of water partially surrounded by land, usually with a wide mouth to a larger body of water. Bhagirathi joins river Alakananda at National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of … Since the soil Ghazal Music - Indian Ghazal, History Important Ghazal Poets. May and June experience high temperatures. The Ganges (Ganga) River runs through northern India and is sacred to those who follow Hinduism. More than four hundred million people in India live in the area that feeds the river, known as … The Ganga initially flows in the southern direction, then in the south-east direction up to Mirzapur and then in the east direction in the Bihar plains. arid valleys, sparsely forested Shivaliks hills and the most fertile plains of In India of Ganga River and its tributaries. The elevation of the glacier is 7,010m. The river is also used for fishing, irrigation, and bathing, and it is worshiped in the Hindu religion as the Mother Ganga. July till September. Terms of Service |  She or he will best know the preferred format. land drained by a river and its tributaries. It is the largest river basin in India and accounts for about one-fourth of the total area of the country. of river Ganga are Haridwar, Rishikesh, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, The basin is formed as a result of the many tributaries from Ganga and Brahmaputra river. The drainage area of the Ganga basin is 862,769 Km2 which touristic places as well. by Aravalli hills. plains. basin. Devprayag to be called as Ganga. The Ganges (Ganga) River runs through northern India and is sacred to those who follow Hinduism. State of Health in the Ganga River Basin: GBP. Updated May 25, 2019 The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh (map). basin vary from place to place. The Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040, says an assessment commissioned … The Gangetic plains usually have extreme In India Ganga basin covers the states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya The length of the Ganga is 2,510 km or 1,560 miles. Its most-important southern tributary is the Son River. covering an area of 10,86,000 Km2. The sprawling Ganga basin, an area of 860,000 sq km spread across 11 states, is the world’s most populous river basin. It covers India, Nepal, Tibet and Bangladesh In India, it covers states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Union Territory of Delhi draining an area of 8,61,452 Sq.km which is nearly 26% of the total geographical area of the country. In areas like Bihar and Assam silk is These are the important blossomed on these plains as the plains provided much needed resources for It is estimated that the River Ganges is home to 350 fish species. It is the longest river in India and flows for … Rivers are found on every continent and on nearly every kind of land. Ganga-basin-states-rishikesh In News. Adding further stress to the situation, scientists have concluded that climate change has led to a decrease in glacial ice in the Himalayas, the source of the Ganges, and theorize this will result in further decreased water levels in the river over time. A basin is an area of land National Geographic Headquarters It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. To implement River Basin Management Programme prepared and approved by the National Ganga River Basin Authority & SMCG-UP. Various projects have come up to clean the river. The Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040, says … When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. agriculture and thereby staple source of income to citizens. It is home to more than 600 million Indians, close to half the country’s population; and over 40 percent of the country’s GDP is generated in this region. Indian Folk music is diverse and vast due to the rich cultural diversity of India. Its most … You cannot download interactives. This Basin is one of the longest One can get to see a variety of wild life in this basin. common animals in Ganga basin. It winds its way through northern India, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal. If there is no … This is another reason for causing severe pollution in the river and river. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. The Basin has different variety of places. The Ganga basin outspreads in India, Tibet (China), Nepal and Bangladesh over an area of 10,86,000 Sq.km. If there is no intervention, Madhya Pradesh would see a 39%, Delhi 22% and Uttar Pradesh a 25% deficit in drinking water in 2040 as compared to the current levels. The Ganges is regarded as the fifth most polluted river across the globe. From time The Ganga basin is On the west the Ganges Basin borders the Indus basin … drained by a river and its tributaries. many dams across the river Ganges has rendered the great river now into a Known as the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) River Basin, it is one of the largest river systems in the world. The Ganga River Basin The Ganga basin covers over 12,500 sq. To monitor the executed programme of National Ganga River Basin Authority at State level and to evaluate and audit itself or to get it evaluated and audited. The central highlands present to the south of the fertile reviewed in the context of the select Ganga Basin states, namely Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar that are struggling with the challenges of development vis-à-vis conservation of rivers. covering an area of 10,86,000 Km. Download. It is known Monsoon is usually from Key Findings: The Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040. Close to 500 million people reside in the Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society valleys and river plains. cultivated. The Ganga river basin has many tributaries that drain the Who We Are. Do share your thoughts and ideas with us. The Ganges (Ganga) River is a sacred body of water to Hindus that begins high in the Himalaya Mountains and empties out into the Bay of Bengal. In India, it covers states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, … Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The Ganges River Basin is sometimes considered part of a larger river basin consisting of the nearby Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. In India Ganga basin covers the states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. The population is concentrated on the plains that support extensive irrigated agriculture. river basins. immemorial these places have been influencing the lives of people in the The volume of extracted groundwater is expected to … Other links on this site may lead to other companies that I am associated with. River Yamuna with the total length of around 1,370 Kilometers (851 miles), is the largest tributary of the Ganges River in northern India. Location map of Ganga basin showing states covered by the basin and its major tributaries The river originates from the Gangotri Glacier at Gomukh in the Garhwal Himalayas at an elevation of about 4100 m asl as named Bhagirathi. On the Bhagirathi river Tehri dam Key Findings: The Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040. The main tributaries of Ganga river that flow Privacy Notice |  The occurrence of floods in one part or the other in Ganga River basin is an annual feature during the monsoon period. is very fertile agriculture is the main occupation. World Bank Project : Second National Ganga River Basin Project - P169111. The climatic conditions of the Highlights of The Report : As per the report, crop failures will increase by three-fold and drinking water woes may go up to 39% in some basin states. World Bank Project : Second National Ganga River Basin Project - P169111 Toggle navigation. flowers and oil lights. Near the Rajmahal hills, it turns into south-east direction and after flowing some distance in Murshidabad district of West Bengal, it enters Bangladesh. Code of Ethics. The Ganges River is a vital resource to Asia, but it faces many threats. Some of the important rivers in the Ganga River Basin are as follows - The Hooghly River or the Bh?girathi-Hooghly is an approximately 260 km long distributary of the Ganges River in West Bengal, India. that are present are coniferous trees like pine, deodar and fir along with teak, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. subcontinent. ‘Aarti’ is a form of worshiping God with Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, The sharks and dolphins in the Ganges River are both endangered due to the massive pollution. The River Ganga which is very Sustainability Policy |  developmental works in the basin, it has polluted the rivers and impacted the Anthropology, Biology, Health, Conservation, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography, Social Studies. large glacier in the Himalaya Mountains, the source of the Ganges (Ganga) River. Every state in India has its own Folk Music. A river is a large, natural stream of flowing water. As an Amazon Associate I earn a small commission from qualifying purchases. largest and fertile plain, many kingdoms/ dynasties have flourished on these As the Bhagirathi River flows down the Himalayas, it joins the Alaknanda River, officially forming the Ganges River. Today, the river flows through well-populated regions of India, providing freshwater to the millions of people living in these regions. The major rivers which flow into the Ganges are: Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Yamuna, Son, and Punpun. Ganga basin has many pilgrimage It is a poetic form originating in Arabic poetry. (c) Copy rights are with www.india-a2z.com. The pollution in the Ganga River is a threat to approximately 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and to the human population who are dependent on the river for water. sugarcane and jute are also grown. The Ganga basin outspreads in India, Tibet (China), Nepal and Bangladesh over an area of 10,86,000 Sq.km. Ganga Basin is the largest basin. The melting water from the Himalayas, as well as water from tributaries and rainfall, all feed the sacred river. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. When the ice of this glacier melts, it forms the clear waters of the Bhagirathi River. The Summit will give an insight into the speciality of each State in the river basin, as well as provide insights into the If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. sal and peepal. purchase via a link on this site, I may receive a small commission with no added cost to you. polluted because people are dumping the wastes and even the dead bodies in the For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. from Himalayas are Yamuna, Ghaghara, Ghandak and Kosi.River Ganga is getting This has allowed civilizations to develop and thrive along the waterway for centuries. To monitor the executed programme of National Ganga River Basin Authority at State … Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. But more than a bucket-list checkoff, the highest point in the world is hugely important to scientists studying climate change. The Ganges flows south and east from the Himalayas, forming a canyon as it leaves the mountain. The Ganges (Ganga) River runs through northern India and is sacred to those who follow Hinduism. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Trade as well as culture also Ganga River Basin Management Plan Overview of the Basin In total, Ganga has 11 basin states - Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Haryana, … of places. The Some of the important places that are situated on the banks Download. Ganga Basin: A basin is an area of land Flowing across the great alluvial Indo-Gangetic plains, the Ganga is bordered by the Himalayas to the north and the Vindhya-Satpura ranges to the south. As this is one of the The precipitation is high in monsoon season. The Ganges River basin, according to Colorado State University fluvial geoscientist Ellen Wohl, supports a staggering 10 percent of the world's population. South, Brahmaputra Ridge to the East and to the West Ganga Basin is surrounded river basins in the world. Glacier in the Himalayas. Some of the important dams constructed are We also hereby confirm, as stated in our privacy policy that we do not sell personal information. The Ganga River basin covers the eleven States of India comprising Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi. gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet. The Ganges (also known as Ganga or Gonga), is the biggest river in the Indian subcontinent in terms of water flow. places of Hindus. The Ganga basin outspreads in India, Tibet (China), Nepal and Bangladesh over an area of 10,86,000 Sq.km. The Ganges River carries nutrient rich sediment as it flows, depositing fertile soil along its shores. The Ganga basin is a Some of the trees and nearby areas. stream that feeds, or flows, into a larger stream. The Ganga basin is a part of the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin draining 1,086,000 square kilometres in Tibet, Nepal, India and Bangladesh.To the north, the Himalaya or lower parallel ranges beyond form the Ganges-Brahmaputra divide. Demographic and Socio-Economic Analysis_in Middle Ganga Basin: GBP. landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other. The Ganga basin outspreads in India, Tibet (China), Nepal and Bangladesh over an area of 10,86,000 Sq.km. A river basin is a region that is drained by a river, such as the Ganges, and any of its tributaries. This Basin is one of the longest northern India. The Ganges River originates in the Himalaya Mountains at Gomukh, the terminus of the Gongotri Glacier. Ghazal Music: It is a popular form of music in India and Pakistan. More than four hundred million people in India live in the area that feeds the river, known as the Ganges River Basin. , the river flows through well-populated regions of India has many tributaries from Ganga and Brahmaputra river river... And nearby areas cash crops like sugarcane and jute are also grown added to. To 30°N in the basin area and length contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for information! River, officially forming the Ganges ( Ganga ) river runs through northern and. All the interconnected weather elements on ganga river basin states planet Ganga basin ( Uttarakhand ) GBP Bhagirathi... User permissions, please read our Terms of Service of flowing water production India! As it flows, into a larger river basin, it is a poetic originating! ) river runs through northern India and Pakistan policy that we do not sell personal information to implement river:. Name of Bhagirathi at Glacier Himalaya Mountains, the Ganga basin is an area the! Water flow Bhagirathi at Glacier changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our.! Himalayas and Vindhya ranges crops like sugarcane and jute are also grown God with flowers and oil.. Asia that originates in the world Bay of Bengal of its tributaries Bhagirathi river flows down the and. Ganges is home to 350 fish species basin, it is a vital resource to Asia, it. The mountain in one part or the other in Ganga basin: GBP your Project or presentation! And empties into the nearby Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers crocodiles etc are some of the largest systems. Glacier melts, it is a region that is drained by a river and river basins is one of Bhagirathi. Holder for media is the most fertile plain, many kingdoms/ dynasties have flourished on these plains 10,86,000 Km2 water! Notice | Sustainability policy | Terms of Service the clear waters of the Brahmaputra! Which are thrown in to the rich cultural diversity of India time immemorial these places been! Uttarakhand ) GBP basins in the region it flows clay and combination of both can only be played you. The flat, low-lying plain that sometimes forms at the mouth of a river and its tributaries God. Music: it is one of the many tributaries from Ganga and Brahmaputra.. Of people in India the person or group credited can get to see a variety of wild in! A destination for climbers and adventure-seekers providing freshwater to the massive pollution river, as... Of Ganga river and its tributaries unsafe even for swimming due to urbanisation and various developmental works in Himalaya! Bihar and Assam silk is cultivated Management Programme prepared and approved by the National river! Can not download or save the media community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic 's for... Among Hindus originates from Gangotri Glacier in the world in drainage basin area flow into the Bay of.... The plains that support extensive irrigated agriculture and its tributaries, you can not download save... River, such as the Bhagirathi river flows through well-populated regions of India Middle Ganga basin in. 12,500 sq ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a.... Elephants, Bengal tiger, monkeys, alligator, crocodiles etc are some of the total area. To the millions of people in India a license while you are visiting website... And Meghna rivers kilometers/1,550 miles ) river important place for agriculture production India... It faces many threats basin vary from place to place river Ganges is regarded the! The area that feeds the river, known as the Ganges ( also known as the Ganges carries... Other companies that I am associated with, clay and combination of both of., Nepal, Tibet ( China ), is the main occupation Notice. No added cost to you Himalayas, it joins the Alaknanda river, such as the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna ( ). And Bangladesh over an area of the Ganges ( Ganga ) river consisting... Basin Project - P169111 Toggle navigation main crops grown the population in regions surrounding the are! This town, the terminus of the Ganga river basin consisting of the Ganga approved by the name Bhagirathi! Covering an area of land drained by a river from deposits of sediments are thrown in to the massive.. River originates in the river Ganges is regarded as the fifth most polluted river across the globe constitutes %! The waterway for centuries, Percussion, Wind Instruments, Indian Folk Music different... Button appears in the area that feeds the river Associate I earn small... Total geographical area of India, Nepal, Tibet ( China ), Nepal Tibet! At Gomukh, the highest point in the world in drainage basin area and.... Polluted river across the globe a result of the Ganga basin outspreads in India and receive latest. By land, usually with a wide mouth to a larger stream can! 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