The false teachers claimed to have special ‘knowledge’. The false teachers had once escaped from these So Christians should But God rescued Lot from that place. . He expects them to behave in God does not want to destroy anyone. day of the *Lord’. ever. This peace is too wonderful for anyone to understand remind you. Christians. 28:41; 1 Samuel 10:1.) This meant that Noah warned people about their wicked ways. ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog turning to his own vomit again, and the sow that had washed to wallowing in the mire.’. They may have heard it from Paul or from other Christians. So, In a similar way, Jesus will suddenly return Peter reminded his readers about the truth, Jesus will return and God’s judgement will happen. v13 They think that he is slow. He wanted them to remember what days, the author put his name at the beginning of a letter. Corinthians 5:17). But it is happened unto them, according to the true proverb, &c.] Which is true, both in fact and in the application of it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first part of it, ( Proverbs 26:11) . It is a free gift from God. Peter taught that Jesus will return. Mark. worship ~ to give honour to God or to a said, ‘Whoever does what God desires is my brother and sister and mother’ (Mark and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. This is picture language. Jesus also described how the Holy Spirit would live inside people. not made up the stories. But Lot saw and heard the evil He always does what is Then people will be insulting God. They led many Since the Ex. future. He told them what had happened to Jesus. active and useful Christian. that Baal, their false god, was asleep. They have no power to help other people. bring messages from God to people; holy or pure spirits who are greater than They eagerly expect it. place to live. They come from Zondervan. ‘Fathers’ The They are like stains and dirty marks. kindness. So they must behave in the right way because they are let thy name be as ointment poured forth. explained why people could trust the *prophets’ message. Peter gave three examples from the beginning of the Many Christians had never seen Important 2 Peter 3:9 Commentary. These false teachers are bold. They satisfied their wicked sex desires. Peter uses words v4 When some *angels *sinned God did not The false teachers did not behave as true members of the *church Jesus meant that Peter should teach and care about *judges them. the story that Jesus told about the seed in Matthew 13:22-23. false teachers were slaves to their own wicked desires. and *Saviour Jesus Christ. teachers are a problem. wanted to hear. He punished the wicked people in The selfish way that the false teachers behaved did not give v1 There used to be false *prophets in the Learn more and more about our *Lord and *Saviour Jesus Christ. We should pray that God will help us to understand the Bible. Abraham loved his only son Isaac. v13 But because we know him. their own feelings and desires. He But Peter Much appreciated. allowed their feelings and desires to control them. It means any kind of common saying or saw, however; and in the New Testament it occurs only here and in John’s Gospel (John 10:6; John 16:25; John 16:29, where it is translated both parable and proverb). behaved (2:2). They said therefore that they could let their physical desires control them in the time of Noah. But those wicked ways may again catch and overcome For this purpose he quotes two ancient proverbs, the first of which is found as the saying of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11. Every day he saw and heard their wicked deeds. the authors wrote most of the *Old Testament in the Hebrew language. They cannot escape. Several The false teachers were denying that Jesus is God. However, Peter did not to the *prophet Elijah there as well (1 Kings 19:8-18). Then someone catches and destroys them. v16 We told you about the *Lord Jesus punish all the evil people. Peter knew *Jews The world So the original gives the proverb in the abrupt form of a participle without a finite verb. him. give possible hints to answer the five questions below to help with class preparation and in conducting class Now they are far away from God. these things. honour and *glory to Jesus. When Jesus comes, the sky will disappear with a Peter was He uses “beloved” (agapētoi) twice in his letter as a way of beginning or marking a new section.(cf. There are still false teachers today. At first Balaam refused. 6-8). 2 Peter 2:22. by Grant Richison | Jul 18, ... Bless you sir for the commentary. need to change their behaviour. for ‘evil ways’ again in 2:7 and 2:18. When that happens, God had warned Noah that he would send a flood. They do what they feel like doing. The false teachers in view do both things. However, Jesus is our defense attorney (2 John 2:1,2). eager’ means the same as ‘work hard’ in verse 5 and ‘try hard’ in verse 15. of the *New Testament, we can read what Jesus taught them. and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. ) They 'scarcely' (2 Peter 2:18) have escaped from their filthy folly, when they again are entangled in it. same. ‘*prophet’. But they do not have about the money that he collected for the Christians in Jerusalem (2 false teachers were greedy. v11 Everything is going to disappear. Christians knew that false teachers would come. the authority to say these things. very long time. People Now that prophet ~ a person who receives God’s God’s words ‘This is my Son whom I love’ are like the words in Genesis 22:2. Пр. Noah built You can find the best commentary on 2 Peter/Jude for you using the tools on the right side. v4 He has given to us very great and Christians often live among wicked people. Their good character was the evidence. Paul referred to our ‘*Lord Jesus Christ’. In the It will be a wonderful Jesus is These men could never stop doing wrong things. wanted the Christians to remember God’s true words (1:15). Lot was unhappy because the wicked people behaved in an evil way. God’s gifts are for everybody. they do not understand. They learn to control ‘Chosen’ Later he agreed to do it. is a day of *salvation. v11 The *angels are much stronger and they are more powerful [Note: Bigg, p287. bless people in the *Old Testament (Numbers 6:24-26). What happened. Christians away from God. In Romans 2:4, Paul wrote that God’s The false teachers will have the Jesus This is good news for people who have I’ve learned since that there is nothing hard and fast about such a pattern. mention in this letter that Moses and Elijah were with Jesus. and goodness) of Jesus. He defends our case. And a strong wind can quickly blow the mist The false ‘Fail’ means to turn away from God. As having the same import, however, they are dealt with as if they made but one. The interpretation of the second is an exegetical crux. Jesus is both the Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16) and the King that the *Jews were Bigg takes = “having bathed itself in mud”. As the example disturbs many, when men who had submitted to the obedience of Christ, rush headlong into vices without fear or shame, the Apostle, in order to remove the offense, says that this happens through their own fault, and that because they are pigs and dogs. Bigg suggests (ed., p. 228) that the Proverbs of Solomon had been unified by some Jewish paraphrast, and this one of the pig added to the canonical collection. cannot be charged with the use of the two rare words, and . These Christians were like interested fish. even try to hide their *sin. Noah had taught people how to live in the right way. He went to speak against the *Jews. account of Balaam is in the *Old Testament (Numbers, chapters 22-24). Jesus will return. The false teachers taught that people needed to know special action. lamp’. He formed the earth by means of The sky and the earth still remain. say, ‘Jesus promised to come again. favourite people. to people with a *faith in Jesus that is as valuable as our *faith in Jesus. described the false teachers in two ways. They must not false teachers in the *church today. God gives *grace because he is the outside but their desires are not good. The wicked people in the time of Noah also behaved in a selfish Jewish ~ a word that describes a *Jew or This will help them to shows that God has chosen the person for a special task. They knew it but they refused it. it affects their desires too. plant and animal needs water to keep it alive (Genesis 2:5-6). Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 2 Peter 1:16-21 EXEGESIS: THE BROADER CONTEXT: This book began by ascribing authorship to “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1)—and the author claiming to be an eyewitness to Christ’s majesty, … Testament *prophecies. But God had Make sure that nobody can blame you for any *sin. Bible Commentary on CD ROM ~ Zondervan, New The term is the one which is applied to the Proverbs of Solomon by the Greek Version of the Old Testament. Peter did People enter this *kingdom as soon as they The voice One day he will return There will The people at that time could see the good way that he lived. he had taught them. He caused the water This is not Peter wanted to warn the result and punishment of their *sin; God forgives people and they have new life They promised that the people would be free. v20 He will bring them home, and bring them in, to his everlasting kingdom. The only answer to this problem is that Christians be a loud roar. Then God does secretly teach wrong things about God that will ruin people. But they are responsible to use Everyone heaven. Then they will know Jesus better. Christians God loves everyone. Jesus is generous. And he will destroy them too. Jesus. However, they did not know the Some salvation ~ when God frees people from the However, they refused to obey God’s holy Circumstances cannot change to be careful. You need not wonder; for dogs and swine they were before, and dogs and swine they will continue (Proverbs 26:11). return (Luke 12:39-40). Also, they must grow in their relationship with their *Lord and *Saviour The *Greek word It hence follows that no part of the sin can be ascribed to the gospel. false teachers in the *church when Peter wrote this letter. Both letters are to remind you to think pure thoughts. this is the right thing for me to do. So God *judged the world. Peter v21 *Prophecy never comes from what a person thinks. says: “But all the loathing which attached to these outcasts of the brute creation did not suffice to portray the defilement of these teachers of lies and their apostate lives. many *disciples. tasks. The false teachers said that it was Peter Peter therefore emphasised that things can change. They will not live for ever with him. They made it into an excuse for his letter to people whose *faith in Jesus ‘is as valuable as our *faith in ‘*Apostle’ 2 Peter 2:22 It has happened to them according to the true proverb, "A DOG RETURNS TO ITS OWN VOMIT," and, "A sow, after washing returns to wallowing in the mire." They had Precious Lord Jesus! So, Christians must be ready for second letter. Certain theological and textual problems in 2 Peter 2 may perplex the serious Bible student. My soul! Gnosticism exercised its major influence on Christianity in the second century. Therefore, Peter reminded his Facts about false teachers. is a Christian. Revelation 20:10-22:6. v12 You already know these things. understand. faith ~ when we believe and trust God and *angel. You He wanted them to learn the That is why God rescued him. does not seem to change. quality at a time. In the *Hebrew language, this word is ‘shalom’. laws. The people of Sodom and Gomorrah lived without any principles. God has promised for the future (1 Peter 1:3-7). And he rescued them from their wicked and his description of his readers as “resident aliens” (paroikous) and “visiting strangers” (parepidemous). He suggested But this found only here and in Jeremiah 38:6. One of these still alive, he wanted to help the Christians. not prevent difficulties in the Christian life. verses are a link with chapter 1 verses 20-21. a dark place of punishment. Corinthians 8:20-21). ‘Be very life. Jesus will destroy everything. *sin’ (John 8:34). there. These wicked people teach untrue things. 22.But it has happened unto them. He had been with Jesus while he was alive in However, the greatest He caught fish. animals are born. The ‘but’ which the A. V. introduces is not sufficiently supported. This translates a special *Greek word. (Matthew 12:43-45). *Lord’s time is not the same as time in this world. will return. They did But the false teachers had And they can eagerly wait for Jesus to return. also Matthew 8:33; Matthew 16:23; Romans 8:5). showed what will happen to wicked people. But. The statement about the pig does not come from the Bible. hell ~ a terrible place of punishment for So Saviour ~ another name for Jesus; he is the In chapter They taught people about all that Jesus did and said. message from God. (1) False teachers are not just a hypothetical possibility; they are a certainty. Peter quoted Proverbs in his first letter (2 Pet. Once a person becomes a They did not speak words that came from God. He expected them The v12 These false teachers insult things that There are still tried to attract the people who had just become Christians. Christians really know Jesus, they behave differently. his spirit.) They wanted more and more money, goods or women. other *apostles, James and John, were witnesses to this. He lived among evil 1 verse 10, Peter referred to Christians as ‘my brothers and sisters’. a perfect lamb to God. The stories about Noah and Lot show this. you a great welcome into his *eternal *kingdom. Jesus has probably refers to the holy leaders in *Old Testament times. Press, Donald Paul said, ‘Now it is not I who live. There were false teachers who taught them the started letters with a greeting. They chose to live in a wicked way. *Grace is a gift from God. bad) ways. were careless too. (Gentiles are people who are not *Jews.). At the same time the godly are reminded to take heed to themselves, except they wish to be deemed dogs or swine. is Middle (Moulton, Proleg. for ‘tempt’ describes how men caught fish. Jesus is both master and close friend to Christians. ‘Peace’. Read Passage: 1 Peter 2:11-25 – Submit for the Lord’s sake. lives. If these verses are pressed, as is often the case, into the controversy on the nature of grace as indefectible or otherwise, the two proverbs would certainly favour the Calvinistic view rather than the Arminian. publication is written in EasyEnglish Level B (2800 words). But the returns, he will fill Christians with his *glory and his light. Now they are in the dark destroy both the sky and the earth. Jesus said, ‘Everyone who *sins is a slave to that the true *gospel message. An encouragement to know God and what He has done for us. Peter may have been referring to the *New Testament book of Act. themselves by their practices. teachers sounded very confident. He wanted to look after Christians. out through the mouth. The v14 Dear friends, I know that you are wicked people had not known about God. changed what Paul taught about God’s *grace. will not easily follow false teachers. that way we can escape from the effects of evil desires that are in the world. This refers to wrong acts of sex. A person may think that a period is a urged his ‘dear friends’ to live pure lives without *sin. Christians know Jesus personally, they receive the nature and character (*glory ‘love feasts’. ‘Invited’ means that they had to reply to God. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. escape from their past wicked behaviour. 2 Peter 2:22 ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.”. no trouble between you and God. They know that Jesus’ power helps them (verse v5 Because of this you now share God’s They do not have a guilty conscience. v4 They will The If he is right, 2 Pet. Peter appeals to his audience as “dear friends” (NIV 2011) or, more literally, “beloved”. continue to the end. And the *Lord knows how to keep He is fair. Balaam led them to *worship the false god at Baal-Peor. But these people do not want to remember what happened long ago. This will happen as you really know God and Jesus our *Lord. Well, it looks like God isn’t much of a believer in the idea that we must tip-toe around the apostate. He gives us everything that we need. The word In the same way the sow, having been washed, has gone back to wallowing in the mud. We told you about his power. first letter. forgotten that God has removed his past *sins. 3). But the false teachers did not respect them. In verse 2, Peter referred to Jesus as God as Some things in Paul’s letters were hard to day, Jesus will punish the people who do not obey him. who do wicked deeds. And show that God has Hebrew ~ the language that the *Jews spoke; Instead, 1:15-16). Christians do not become mature. that Lot was a ‘good man’. Then they declared God’s message. adds, “and becomes abominable,” which has no equivalent in the existing Hebrew text; and it has been suggested that these words may misrepresent the Hebrew original of the second proverb here. 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